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Suppliers of Memorial Headstones & Cremation Tablets of Distinction
Headstones & Tablets

Headstones and Cremation Tablets can be supplied in either Marble or Granite and in a range of colours and finishes. Here is some information and a few samples - as there are literally hundred's to choose from.

Marble or Granite ?

Granite is made up of 3 major elements :-

Feldspar, the main ingredient
Quartz, the hardest ingredient
Biotite or mica

Density and Durability of Granite

According to the Measures of Hardness Scale (MOHS), diamonds are rated at 10 and are the hardest materials on earth. Quartz is approximately 7 and natural granite is somewhere between 6 and 7 on the scale. Man-made granite is around 5 and various marbles test about 3. Hard plastic is close to 2. Most people equate marble to granite but as you can see granite is considerably harder than marble.

Another durability factor to consider is density. A cubic foot (12” x 12” x 12”) of granite weighs from 185 lbs to 220 lbs depending on its constituents while a cubic foot of marble will weigh about 170 lbs. Granite molecules may be heavier and are packed more tightly together than marble molecules. Because of its hardness and density granite is much harder to cut, polish and carve than marble.

Why Are There So Many Marble Monuments?

Many older cemeteries from the 1850’s through the 1940’s are filled with monuments made of marble because it was less expensive to cut, polish and carve with the tools of that time. Unfortunately, this is why many of those old marble memorials are nearly unreadable today—while granite memorials from the same time, are easily read and show almost no deterioration.

Certain conditions (salt, hydrocarbon and sulphur dioxide pollution) contribute to the decomposition of the calcite structure of marble and allow it to be eroded rather rapidly. Some marbles are more durable than others. Also, dry, rural areas (without major automobile and industrial pollution) are less damaging to marble.

Marble was used almost exclusively before the 1920’s. Then, gradually, better tools and techniques—wire saws, sandblast carving, carbide and diamond tools—allowed more efficient quarrying, cutting, polishing and carving of the harder granite. Today granite has proven the most durable and is the preferred choice of most customers for cemetery headstones.